Vincent van Gogh was born on March 30th, 1853 in a small town in the Netherlands. His artistic career was extremely short, lasting only 10 years from 1880 to 1890. Arriving in Arles in southern France in 1888, the artist finally had his breakthrough in art. The time that van Gogh spent in Arles was his most productive – he fell in love with the bright southern sun and painted in ecstatic outbursts of creativity. He painted olive trees, sunflowers, wheat fields and cafes, in some of his most iconic works. van Gogh was joined by his acquaintance and French artist, Paul Gauguin at his Yellow House in Arles. Towards the end of 1888, van Gogh and Gauguin had a fallout, and a physically and emotionally exhausted van Gogh charged at Gauguin with a razor, ultimately cutting off the lower half of his own left ear. Gauguin then left for Paris and van Gogh had to be hospitalized.